Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease

(FLUTD)

Frequent presentations of cats to our clinic are those felines that have blood in their urine or are straining to urinate. The bladder or urethra (tube that drains the urine from the bladder to the genitals) is inflamed and this causes discomfort whilst urinating.

Clinical signs include:

  • Straining to urinate
  • Frequent licking of external genitalia
  • Frequent howling
  • Blood in urine
  • Urinating in unusual places

Cause of Disease:

  • Most often the cause of this disease is unknown (idiopathic)
  • In some instances bacteria will be identified
  • Stress is often implicated e.g. moving house or a new pet in the household
  • Crystals in the urine may contribute

Diagnosis:

  • Urinalysis: A urine sample allows us to assess the kidney’s ability to concentrate urine. We can also determine if there is blood, crystals, glucose or bacteria in the urine.
  • A complete blood count and blood chemistry: Blood tests will help determine infection, disease of the kidneys and other important information.

Your veterinarian may recommend other procedures if appropriate, such as ultrasound or radiography.

Treatment:
Treatment will be individualized to the patient and will often include:

  • Anti inflammatory
  • Antibiotics
  • Stress management
  • Dietary management:
    • Prescription Diets including Hills S/D, Hills C/D and Royal Canin Urinary diet.

It is very important that this disease does not progress to a point where the cat is unable to urinate.
This is an emergency. If not treated immediately, this is a distressing and potentially fatal disease.

Please contact us immediately if:

  • Your cat continues to strain, producing small amounts of urine, vocalize while urinating, or is constantly in the litter box.
  • If your cat is trying to produce urine but cannot. This is a true emergency and your pet must be seen immediately.
  • Your pet stops eating, drinking or begins to vomit.
  • If there is any other change in your pet’s health.
Covid-19 Update 😷

To our wonderful clients, we are working hard to keep you and our team safe during this current climate. Unfortunately, even with protocols in place, people are still being impacted by this illness and that includes our team. We are managing this the best we can but there are times when we are not fully staffed.

Please be advised there may be longer wait times, days where we cannot offer our full range of services, and changes to our usual hours. Please be patient with us.We may have to reschedule your appointment at short notice as we take care of our staff too. We are sure you will appreciate that we are working exceptionally hard to provide the best care for your pets.

Thank you for your understanding and we will keep you updated as we work through the next few weeks.

CLINIC HOURS:
Monday 8am - 7pm
Tuesday 8am - 7pm
Wednesday 8am - 7pm
Thursday 8am - 5pm
Friday 8am - 5pm
Saturday 8am - 12:30pm
Sunday 9am - 12noon